Pieter Bruegel the Older. (1525 - 1569). The Tower of Babel. (1564).
Pieter Bruegel the Older is a Flemish painter of the Scandinavian Rebirth. It carries out especially landscapes, religious paintings and representations of the country life. Now one knows from that Pieter Bruegel was a man of knowing, friend of scholars like the geograp Abraham Ortelius, scholarship encyclopedic whose account diversity set of themes of its work and its universal range. Its 2 Towers of Babel testifies some. (click on the arrow in bottom on the right of the painting to see the second tower of Bruegel). Its two sons, Pieter, known as Bruegel the Young or Bruegel of Hell, and Jan, known as Bruegel of velvet, also became of the painters of reputation. The tower of Babel according to the Old Testament, Genesis (XI, 1-9), is set up in Babylonia in the objective to reach the skies. “Let us build a city, with a tower whose top is in the skies ”. This human claim causes divine anger, the destruction of the tower and the creation of the multiple languages to scramble comprehension between the men. The account of the Genesis seems to play on the Hebrew terms Babhel (carries sky) and balal (confusion). The history of the tower of Babel was probably inspired by the destruction of famous the ziggourat of Etemenanki, building of 7 floors restored in VIIème front century J. - C. by the Babylonian sovereigns Nabopolassar and Nabuchodonosor II. Before the destruction of the tower by the creator, shortly after the flood, the men spoke all the same language. In order to definitively punish them, God would have then dispersed the men on all the surface of the Earth.
The point of view is located just above the horizon. The glance of the spectator immediately takes conscience of the disproportion of the building.
The tower is placed on the geographical center of the painting between the 4 tension fields and the 4 natural points of interests. The prospect is central, like often with the Rebirth.
The tower occupies the 2 thirds of pictorial space. Between sky and ground, the horizon being located in the middle of the picture.
The general form evokes the architecture of Coliseum, Bruegel having accomplished a voyage to Rome in 1553, rather than that of Ziggourat of Mesopotamie.
By comparing the proportions of the tower with that of the ships one becomes aware that this one is disproportionate.
The building is not completed, one sees the workmen affairer at the top.
All around the building of the hundreds of people circulate to work with his construction.
Light : The tower is lit by the natural light of the sun coming from the left.
Colors: The carryforward of the colors used to work out the painting on the chromatic circle indicates contrasts between hot and cold colors and complementary colors.
Similars Paintings :
Hendrik III Van Cleve : The Tower of Babel.
Jan Brueghel. (1568 - 1625). The Construction of The Tower of Babel.
Hendrick III Van Cleve (1525 - 1589). The Construction of The Tower of Babel.
Lucas Van Valckenborch. The Tower of Babel. (1595).