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The Cubism (1907- 1940)
The Cubism constitutes the starting point of the modern art. This pictorial revolution is done starting from 2 painters: Pablo Picasso and George Direct. Cézanne had shown that the visible one could be reduced to elementary geometrical forms, the cubists will push this step until its extreme consequence. The cubism term comes from a critic of art which qualified works of
Directs : " cubic bizarreries ". The cubism does not stick to the contents with the psychological direction of the term, it is a reflexion on the form, the representation and the creative process. The visible one is restored in an only pictorial form which gives up the prospect, the object is seen simultaneously under all its facets. Simultaneity is more significant still than the geometrical use of forms. In its second phase (of 1909 to 1912 with little meadows) the cubism breaks the forms of the subject and reveals a new design of pictorial space. The forms and space, the two-dimensional one and the three-dimensional one merge in a complex architecture of lines and plans: it is the period of the analytical cubism. The reason seen under innumerable aspects becomes almost unrecognizable. Works are very close to the abstraction and the pallet is practically monochromic. In a third phase the synthetic cubism reality is recomposed starting from a quasi abstract conceptual writing. The pallet is coloured and of "real" materials are integrated into the fabrics often by joining.