Georg Grosz. Metropolis. (1916-17). Dadaism.
George Grosz is critical of Art and cofounder of the Dada group of Berlin. Dadaïst seek the rupture with the culture, paintings must reflect a meaningless world. This painting of Grosz takes as a starting point the Italian Futurism. The composition evokes: Car Speed of Giacomo Balla (1912), the topic and the colors are inspired by: The City which Goes up of Umberto Boccioni (1910), but far from speaking in praise of the modern world like the Futuristic ones, Grosz makes its picture the support of a radical social criticism. from all this agitation and these people who run in all the directions the witness can only wonder: Where does go and that they make ? Dice which it is a question of denouncing and of criticizing George Grosz is there, sometimes with irony, sometimes much more frankly.
The point of view of the witness is at the bottom of the building to the corner of the avenues. From there the eye must try to follow the sway in the crowd, which is complicated…
The buildings are located on the higher tension field on the 2 natural points of interest. Crowd is on the low tension field it also between 2 natural points of interest. The standard lamp in the center divides work into 2 zones and indicates 2 directions the model of the composition seems to be Car Speed of Giacomo Balla. (1912).
The picture is articulated on the diagonal of right-hand side on the left which must be regarded as downward. There is a change of direction to the bottom of painting, as in the City which Goes Up of Umberto Boccioni (1910).
Verticals, horizontal and oblique seem all to want to underline the central angle marked by the standard lamp. The only round forms are the moon with a recall on the level of the luminaries and cupolas of the central building.
As in all the modern cities much marks and publicity everywhere but without any support, posters or panels, which makes the thing rather ridiculous.
Much agitation, people run in all the directions what induces an impression of disorder and chaos.
The faces look like masks what is well in the Dada spirit. These masks are sometimes cadaveric and morbid caricatures. Are these people really alive ?
It is a scene of night or the red dominates all. Little real light but a light deformed, tinted, filtered, surrealist.
Colors : Harmonize between hot colors. Some contrast between hot and cold colors and complementary colors.
Similars Paintings :
Georges Grosz. The Cafe. (1916).
Umberto Boccioni The City which Goes up. (1910).
Carlo Carrà. Funeral of the Galli Anarchist. ( 1910).