Surrealism
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Surrealism (1920-1947)

" Surrealism rests on the belief in the higher reality of certain forms of associations neglected until him, to the any power of the dream, the play not involved in the thought " says André Breton in first proclamation of the surrealism published in 1924. In painting one distinguishes two tendencies both very influenced by the psychoanalysis : the verist tendency represented mainly by El Salvador Dali in the oneiric tables where each detail is represented with an exaggerated exactitude, it uses forms and objects familiar but deformed and seen with distance, as through a prism. Max Ernst, Rene Magritte, Paul Delvaux and Marc Zimmermann are to be classified in this tendency. Then the absolute surrealism which does not use the objects of reality but signs or abstract forms in a universe of voyage and of discovered the unconscious one. Here Joan Miro, Yves Tanguy or Andre Masson line up.